understanding online threats and how they work

The internet has proven to be a powerful and useful tool for billions of people worldwide. However, in the same way, that you shouldn’t leave your house unpacked, you shouldn’t venture online without taking some basic precautions. Where do you start? Learn more about online threats and ways to protect yourself. Without further and do let us begin an understanding of online threats 101.

Almost 50% of PC users have experienced some computer security issues in the last two years.

MALWARE

Short for malicious software, this is a type of unwanted software that is installed without consent. Versus, worms, and Trojan horses are examples of the malicious software referred to as malware.

CYBERCRIMINAL

Criminals, such as black hat hackers, who use malevolent programs on the computer and the internet to commit illegal activity. This can be breaking into computers and stealing personal/corporate data or disrupting operations, among many others.

TROJAN HORSE

A Trojan horse is a destructive computer program that masquerades itself as a benign file or application (such as .jpg or .doc). It then opens up a “backdoor” or access to your PC without your knowledge.

BOTNET

A botnet is a large network of compromised computers. A “bot” is a malicious software that enables cybercriminals to control your computer without your knowledge and use it execute illegal activities, such as send out spam, spread viruses, etc.

VIRUS

Harmful computer programs that are designed to spread from one computer to another and interfere with computer operations. A virus can corrupt or delete data on your computer and damage your hard drive.

WORM

This self-replicating malicious computer program uses a computer network to send copies to itself to other computers on the same network. Unlike a virus, it doesn’t need to attach itself to an existing program. Worms almost always cause some damage to a network.

SPYWARE

Spyware, which can be legitimate software, monitors a user’s online activity and collects various personal information, such as internet surfing habits, etc. It is difficult to detect spyware.

PHISHING

Phishing is a type of online identity theft that uses email and fraudulent websites designed to steal your personal data or information, such as credit card numbers, passwords, account data, or other information.

That was understanding of online threats. If you liked this article or would like to spread the word about awareness of these threats please feel free to share it.

 

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